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Taipei Profile 

Establishing year: 1884, Taipei City was founded in 1920

District: 12 District 

Government location: No.1,Shifu Rd, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C

City flower: Azalea

City tree: Banyan

City bird: Formosan Blue Magpie

Size: 271.7997 km2 (Sixteenth largest in Taiwan)

Population: 2,480,681 (By December 2022)

Population density: 9,127 (By December 2022)

Longitude: East longitude 121.3 degrees (Central location)

Latitude: North latitude 25.1 degrees (Central location)

Highest Elevation: 1,120 (Mt. Qixing)

Climate: Subtropical Monsoon

Taipei Geography

The center area of Taipei City is located at the bottom of Taipei basin. The Datun Valcano range (dormant volcano) is in the north side along the border of New Taipei City. The whole mountain range extends and descends roughly towards south till areas of Yuanshan, Dazhi, Neihu and etc. It is the biggest range inside Taipei City, the highest is Mt. Qixing with 1120 meters, the second one is Mt. Datun with 1092 meters. The range has quite a few volcanic terrains in the heartland and the edge of Beitou side. Eastern side of Neihu and Nangang and southern Muzha are mostly hilly terrains. The Nangang Hills (Muzhi Mountain range) with above 300 meters high lie between Xinyi and Nangang Districts.

Taipei Hydrology

Most rivers inside Taipei City belong to Tamsui River basin. Xindian River as the tributary of Tamsui River flows from southern Taipei basin into the confluence of its tributary Jingmei River, they form the natural boundary of southwest Taipei City and New Taipei City. The river wanders towards northwest through Jingmei, Gongguan, Guting and etc., and interflows with Danhan River around Wanhua, then becomes Danshui River. Afterwards, it runs towards north through Dadaocheng and Shezi, before joins with tributary Keelung River, forms a natural boundary of west Taipei City and New Taipei City. Keelung River flows from northeast basin across the north half of Taipei basin through Nangang, Songshan, Neihu, Shilin, Beitou and etc..

Taipei Climate

Taipei City is located around 25 degrees north latitude. Because she is on the island and located between East Asian continent and the Pacific, the subtropical monsoon climate was created under the interaction of dry and cold Mongolian High Pressure and warm and humid Pacific High Pressure. The seasonal variations are distinct: Usually the spring is from March to May, the summer is from June to August, the autumn is from September to November and the winter is from December to next February. Sometimes by the influence of global warming or special effects of climate change, there will be a warmer winter or a colder spring.

Besides, there is a special climate characteristic, because the urban area is located mainly in Taipei basin, the climate is influenced by the basin topography. In summer the temperature is usually 1~2 degrees Celsius higher than the surrounding areas due to the basin around high mountains, it is not easy to discharge the hot air. Into the winter, the orographic rainfalls occur easily in the surrounding mountains and hills areas. Around May each year, the fronts are caused by the convergence of Mongolian and Pacific high pressures. This brings Taiwan into the plum rain season. The rainy days in Taiwan will also increase. The strong updrafts in summer also cause the afternoon thunderstorms often.

Sources: Undiscovered Taipei https://www.travel.taipei/zh-tw